Treatment and Prevention of Tuberculosis Essay.

Treatment and Prevention of Tuberculosis Essay.

Tuberculosis is a chronic infection that is transmitted from one individual to another through the air. The disease is associated with extreme symptoms in the victims and it can progress to severe level if prompt medical attention is not acquired (Karim, 2010). There are various treatment and preventive measures that adopted for the management of the condition in the victims. After the diagnosis from the medical specialists, the patients are subjected to a comprehensive treatment plan that may take longer as compared to other bacterial infections.Treatment and Prevention of Tuberculosis Essay.

However, recent research indicates that the evolution of the medical interventions has led to more efficient drugs and combined medication therapies that have reduced the treatment period to around four months (Wilkinson, 2008). Anti-tuberculosis drugs are administered to the patients, and continuous observation from a respiratory specialist is imperative. The most common medications used in the treatment of tuberculosis include Isoniazid, Rifampin, and Pyrazinamide. In other instances, the condition can develop resistance to the drugs and some injectable medications and antibiotics can be administered to manage the condition. Add-on therapy is critical for tuberculosis treatment to assist in mitigating the drug resistance that may emerge.

There are various preventive strategies that can be undertaken against tuberculosis. The victims have a huge role to play to ensure that people around are safe against the medical condition. Hygiene is one of the biggest endeavors that is important to the mitigation and management of the condition. People should stay in well-ventilated rooms and vehicles especially when there is a victim of the medical condition within (Barnes, 2011). Treatment and Prevention of Tuberculosis Essay.This can allow free circulation of air to prevent to accumulation of the bacteria in the air.

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Proper covering of the mouth for the patients, while sneezing, coughing or laughing, is very essential. In other situations, the victims may be required to wear protective masks when there are many people around. To prevent the progression of the medical condition, it is important for the victims to undertake a full dosage to avoid bacteria mutations (Karim, 2010).

References
  • Barnes, Bloch. Tuberculosis in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection. N Engl J Med. 2011. 374(12):44–50
  • Karim, et al., “Effectiveness and safety, the prevention of TB infection,” Science, 2010. 370(12): 18-74.
  • Wilkinson, David. Preventive Treatment of Tuberculosis in Adults with HIV. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). 2008 Sep. 31(59): 625-9.Treatment and Prevention of Tuberculosis Essay.

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