The Social Construction of Illness Essay
The social construction of illness touches on the relationship between society, culture, and health. Sociologist Conrad and Barker have taken a look at how this social construct is developed. They have divided it into three categories. Those are the cultural meaning of illness, the social construction of illness, and the social construction of medical knowledge. The Social Construction of Illness Essay
The cultural meaning of illness is the view or meaning the culture or society gives to an illness different from its biological meaning. Each cultural meaning has in itself grouped illnesses according to their stigma. Thus, the professionals define illnesses like the ones that would be contested and the ones that would be considered disabilities (Conrad & Barker, 69). Patients who fall into the category of the stigmatized illnesses more often than not fail to seek treatment as they fear they might be mistreated by the health-care providers (Conrad & Barker 70). Contested illnesses according to Conrad and Barker (70) are illnesses physicians do not recognize but are claimed as being the sufferers. The Social Construction of Illness Essay
ORDER A PLAGIARISM-FREE PAPER HERE
The social construction of illness is based on how a patient living with a particular kind of illness perceives it and tries to adapt to it. The patient tries to control the narrative of their illness, like whom they tell, lifestyle modification based on their illness, to look and feel accepted in the society. Goffman (19-20) talked about how people with certain kinds of illness, either use it to reshape their lives by seeing the world in a different perspective or use their illnesses for ‘secondary gain.’
Sociologists have seen medical knowledge as a social construct based on its reflection and support of gender, race, class and ethnic inequalities (Conrad & Barker 73). It is believed that medical knowledge categorizes individuals especially women by putting them in their ‘place.’ For example, PMS (premenstrual syndrome) is characterized by symptoms of aggression, frustration, and anger, which goes against the normal behavior of women. Thus, PMS contributes to the cultural idea of differences between men and women and as a result support gender inequality which does not sit well with feminist scholars (Conrad & Barker 74). The Social Construction of Illness Essay
Obesity is defined as having excess fat with a body mass index of greater than 30. Clinicians have shown that obesity could cause several health problems like hypertension, heart disease, and others. However, the society stigmatizes these set of people by body-shaming.
Conrad, Peter & Barker, Kristin K. “The Social Construction of Illness: Key Insights and Policy Implications.” Journal of Health and Social Behavior (2010). 51(S) S67–S79 DOI: 10.1177/0022146510383495Print.
Goffman, Erving. Stigma: Stigma and Social Identity. London, Penguin Publishers. 1963. Print The Social Construction of Illness Essay
The post The Social Construction of Illness Essay appeared first on Nursingfy.
Writing quality papers is a TOP priority. One expert takes one order at a time.
The service package includes topic brainstorm, research, drafting, proofreading, plagiarism check, citation formatting, and revisions.
We appreciate how valuable your time is. Hence, we make sure all custom papers are 100% original and delivered within the agreed time frameRead more
Each paper is written from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
We see it as our duty to follow all instruction the client provides. If you feel the completed paper does not meet your exact requirements, we will revise the paper if you let us know about the problem within 14 business days from the date of delivery.Read more
Your email is safe, we use your personal data for legal purposes only and in accordance with personal data protection law. Your payment details are also secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
You can easily contact us with any question or issues you need to be addressed. Also, you have the opportunity to communicate directly with assigned writer, e-mail us, submit revision requests, chat with us online, or call our toll-free on our site. We are always available to our customers.Read more