Sample Nursing Essays on Six Theory Annotations on the future of nursing practice

Dorell, A., Isaksson, U., Ostlund, U., & Sundin, K. (2017). Family health conversations have positive outcomes on families – a mixed method research study. The Open Nursing Journal, 11, 14-25. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5362978/.

Dorell and her colleagues based their research on an evaluation of family members’ responses towards the concept of family health conversations and integration of the results with the theoretical assumption that were used in the interventions. The research was conducted on a sample of 10 families consisting of 22 family members and was carried out for six months. The researchers used semi-structured interviews to obtain information from participants whose family members resided in long-term healthcare facilities for the elderly. The researchers found out that Family Health Conversations (FamHCs) and conducting an extensive assessment of that included the family history and prevalence of chronic diseases promoted management of patients, reduced risks of illnesses in other family members, and assisted family members in changing the beliefs about their insufficiencies. The results also showed that family conversations assisted nurses and family members in evaluating problems from a different perspective.

This theory addresses the relationship between family assessments and interventions used to manage patients. The research illustration of the importance of a family in care provision and the differences that family conversations can have in patient management indicate the importance of social support among patients. The results of the research showed that using therapeutic conversations among family members could assist them to process their feelings and come to terms with the living arrangements of their loved ones and promote the implementation of more effective care plans that could incorporate the family members.

Nurses can use this research to assess patients’ well-being and link their health conditions to their family history or other aspects that connect the patients to their families such as similar beliefs, practices, and behaviors. They can also use this research in future nursing practice to create care plans that incorporate family member visits and talks in their interventions. Additionally, by working with the entire family as a team nurses can increase the practice of screening for similar diseases among individuals whose family members have been diagnosed with a chronic illness.

Masoudiyekta, L., Rezaei-Bayatiyani, H., Dashtbozorgi, B., Gheibizadeh, M., Malehi, A. S., & Moradi, M. (2018). Effect of education based on health belief model on the behavior of breast cancer screening in women. Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing, 5(1), 114-120. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5763428/.

This article focused on assessing the effects of education based on the use of the health belief model in assessing the practice of breast cancer screening among women. Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality globally. Its prevalence in women is associated with factors such as hormonal changes throughout the life cycle and lifestyle factors. The study was conducted among 226 women. They were selected using the cluster sampling technique from patients referred to the Dezful health center. The data was collected using a questionnaire and the questions assessed the women’s knowledge and behavior. According to the evidence obtained through the assessment, there was a link between women’s involvement in screening activities and other factors such as perceived benefits, assumed barriers, self-efficacy, knowledge variations, and cues to action.

The health belief model focuses on the psychological factors that influence people’s behaviors. It was developed to explain and predict health-related behaviors in the population. This research addresses the behaviors of women toward breast cancer screening. This theory is used in the research to explain the correlation between factors such as perceived risks, barriers, and benefits and the practice of regular breast cancer screening. The research also uses the theory to illustrate the need for implementing well-structured educational programs to sensitize women on the importance of breast cancer screening.

This article can be relevant to the future of nursing practice as it illustrates the connection between knowledge, attitude, psychological factors, and behavior. Nurses can use this theory to understand patients’ resistance to screening and preventive services like immunizations and vaccinations. They can also use this theory to develop community education plans that could improve people’s health knowledge.

Ostlund, U., Backstrom, B., Saveman, B.-I., Lindh, V., & Sundin, K. (2016). A family systems nursing approach for families following a stroke: family health conversations. Journal of Family Nursing, 22(2), 148-171. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301510104_A_Family_Systems_Nursing_Approach_for_Families_Following_a_Stroke_Family_Health_Conversations.

This research focused on addressing the experiences of families when dealing with a member who had had a stroke. The research incorporated seventeen family members from Sweden. Among the participants, seven were adult stroke patients aged below 65 years and the rest were family members who either lived with the patients or were closely related. These families were taken through nurse-led family conversations offered in each family’s home to promote the patient’s recovery. The conversations were described as being unique and effective in promoting closer relations among the family members. The researchers proved that therapeutic conversations in families can promote patient recovery.

The family systems theory views a family as a system whose behaviors, practices, and values are connected. People belonging to the same family are expected to interact with each other in a specific way that differs from their interaction with those in the external community. This research utilizes the theory of family systems to illustrate the importance of the familial support in patients’ recovery and their overall well-being. It focuses on the development of family-based interventions that entail offering the patient therapeutic conversations, visiting the patient, and encouraging them, which can help them focus on their recovery as opposed to the extent of their illnesses.

This theory can be used in nursing practice to help nurses view patients’ families as a unit of care and work collaboratively with them in ensuring that all the needs of the patients are met. Nurses can also use this theory while developing their care plans by including family therapeutic conversations as part of the non-pharmacological interventions. Additionally, they can use this research in EBP to prove the importance of family in offering patients social support.

Pirzadeh, A., Mostafavi, F., Ghofarnipour, F., & Mansourian, M. (2017). The application of the transtheoretical model to identify physical activity behavior in women. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 22(4), 299-302. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5590360/.

This research was carried out among Iranian women who practiced varying levels of physical exercise. It was based on using the transtheoretical model to identify the changes in the practices of women’s physical activity routines. Four hundred women who had been referred to the Isfahan’s health centers were selected as the study’s participants. They were offered questionnaires that addressed their dietary patterns, involvement in exercise, and other related behaviors. Most of the women included in the research (81.5%) were housewives while the rest were employees. Of the women, 24% were classified under the pre-contemplation stage, 33.3% under the contemplation stage, 25.5% in the preparation stage 7.2% in action, and 10% in the maintenance stage. The researchers concluded that there was a need to develop continuous education programs to promote change among women.

The transtheoretical model of behavioral change was used in this research to illustrate the differences in information reception and application among people in a community. The research illustrates how women from the same community responded to information about adoption of exercise practices. The women’s behavior was associated with factors such as access to additional information regarding better health practices, attitude towards health, and past experiences. Their understanding of the information taught to them also influenced their behavior. The women were assessed on their application of healthcare information regarding weight management, exercise, and diet. The theory showed the need for reinforcing healthcare education in such populations as a way of promoting change.

This research can be used in nursing practice to educate nurses on the different way that people receive information, perceive it, and apply it in their lives to promote change. It can also be used to determine the factors that influence the acceptance of change among populations. The low levels of women who were applying physical activity practices in their lives can also be viewed as a representation of the behaviors of the whole population and used to form better techniques for delivering health information.

Tougas, M. E., Hayden, J. A., McGrath, P. J., Huguet, A., & Rozario, S. (2015). A systematic review exploring the social cognitive theory of self-regulation as a framework for chronic health condition interventions. PLOS|ONE, 10(8), e0134977. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4529200/.

This systematic review was conducted to determine the application of the social cognitive theory in health interventions meant for patients with chronic illnesses. Out of 202 research articles that were obtained, the researchers included 35 in their systematic review. The researchers linked self-satisfaction among patients with the achievement of progress or health goal. They also linked self-incentive mechanisms with the administration of personal rewards as a motivational factor. Tougas and her colleagues concluded that self-regulation in the social cognitive theory could be applied as reasonable framework in healthcare facilities to guide the development of intervention for chronically ill patients.

The theory of social cognitive theory incorporates people’s experiences and the actions of other people in their social environment. This theory was used in this research to illustrate the effects of patients’ perceived beliefs about their health status and their willingness to work towards their health goals. In some of the studies included in the systematic review, the participants were requested to set their health goals from the point of the first visit. This acted as a motivation that ensured patients had something to focus on and promoted the celebration of each level of recovery. In some of the studies, patients were encouraged to react positively to their health goals and achievements. This depicted the importance of a positive cognitive status in promoting and accepting change.

This research can be used by nurses who work with chronically ill patients by working with the patient in setting new goals at each stage of their treatment to ensure that the patients remain motivated. This theory can also be used to assist patients to deal with their health challenges by helping them focus on every improvement that they make towards recovery. Its applicability in different patients makes it suitable for nursing practice.

Wazqar, D. Y. (2017). Suffering among patients with cancer: a concept analysis and implications for oncology nurses. International Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research, 2(5), 113-122. Retrieved from http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijcocr.

Patient suffering is common among cancer patients especially in cases where cancer has metastasized. This research aimed at conducting a concept analysis of patients’ suffering. It utilized qualitative analysis techniques in providing a precise and clear picture of the nature of cancer patients’ suffering. The researchers concluded that based on the knowledge of the extent of pain that oncology patients experienced it was necessary to develop nursing techniques to help them avoid or reduce the suffering.

The article addresses the pain and suffering experienced by oncology patients and their influence on their overall health. It also explains the different types of suffering patients might experience and how nurses can use this information to develop a better response or management approaches. This aligns with Praxis theory of suffering’s ideology of responding to patients’ suffering accordingly as a way of promoting health.

Nurses can use this article to identify patients that are experiencing different levels of pain, assess them properly, and offer them the best management for their pain. This research can be used to promote better response to patients’ suffering among nurses, by improving nurses’ understanding of the effects of pain in their patients’ lives. Nurses can also use this research to examine new innovative products and techniques for managing cancer patients’ chronic pain.

 

 

References

Dorell, A., Isaksson, U., Ostlund, U., & Sundin, K. (2017). Family health conversations have positive outcomes on families – a mixed method research study. The Open Nursing Journal, 11, 14-25. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5362978/.

Masoudiyekta, L., Rezaei-Bayatiyani, H., Dashtbozorgi, B., Gheibizadeh, M., Malehi, A. S., & Moradi, M. (2018). Effect of education based on health belief model on the behavior of breast cancer screening in women. Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing, 5(1), 114-120. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5763428/.

Ostlund, U., Backstrom, B., Saveman, B.-I., Lindh, V., & Sundin, K. (2016). A family systems nursing approach for families following a stroke: family health conversations. Journal of Family Nursing, 22(2), 148-171. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/301510104_A_Family_Systems_Nursing_Approach_for_Families_Following_a_Stroke_Family_Health_Conversations.

Pirzadeh, A., Mostafavi, F., Ghofarnipour, F., & Mansourian, M. (2017). The application of the transtheoretical model to identify physical activity behavior in women. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research, 22(4), 299-302. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5590360/.

Tougas, M. E., Hayden, J. A., McGrath, P. J., Huguet, A., & Rozario, S. (2015). A systematic review exploring the social cognitive theory of self-regulation as a framework for chronic health condition interventions. PLOS|ONE, 10(8), e0134977. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4529200/.

Wazqar, D. Y. (2017). Suffering among patients with cancer: a concept analysis and implications for oncology nurses. International Journal of Clinical Oncology and Cancer Research, 2(5), 113-122. Retrieved from http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijcocr.

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