The chains of volcanic eruptions in the islands of Hawaii have created significant scenery that has attracted thousands of tourists. The same force that has created this attractive scenery can, however, destroy it due to the active volcanoes that pose dangers of huge eruption in time. There have been more than 75 eruptions recorded in the last 200 years in the islands of Hawaii. The eruption is caused by rising molten rocks or magma that melts creating a trail of moving fluid rock. The magma reaching the surface forms lava which collects to form land. Each Island of the Hawaii chain started as a volcano. The youngest of the Islands is Hawaii which is twice as big as all the other islands combined.
Hawaii Island is a combination of five volcanoes grown together namely: Kohala, Mauna Kea Hualalai, Kilauea and Mauna Loa. Kohala erupted lastly 120,000 years ago while Mauna Kea has been quiet for about 4000 years. The other three volcanoes are considered the active volcanoes in Hawaii. Kilauea is considered the most active. Looking at the number of Kilauea eruptions, there have been about 62 eruptions in 245 years which is an average of 1 eruption every 3.95 years. Although considered the safety because of the slow movement of the magma it, however, records one of the biggest eruptions in the history and has killed 80 Hawaii Warriors in 1790 and since then has claimed other victims with the most recent being in 1924.Mauna Loa is active and due for an eruption. The volcano has erupted 15 times since 1900 and twice since 1950 that is in 1975 and 1984. Hulalai on the other hand last erupted in 1801 and since 1980, geologists have been surveying the volcano, but no changes have been recorded, but it has the potential of dangerously erupting any time. These volcanoes have historic dangers that can reoccur, and geologists survey them to report and make alerts of any imminent eruption.
Remillard Shirly. “Hawaii Volcano Eruption 2017.” YouTube uploaded by HD Solutions, 15 Apr 2016, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DMuRaiUcpmM.
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