Sample Argumentative Essay Paper on Weight Loss Surgeries

Weight Loss Surgeries

Weight gain and ultimately obesity is increasingly becoming a concern of many health practitioners, governments, and individuals across the world. With this concern, however, medical professionals have seen this as a means of cashing in on the predicament that faces many people; weigh gain, in what has now become a multibillion business (Berreby n.p.). While different methods exist to counter weight gain, including healthy eating and living, the advent of obesity surgery has made it easier for many to lose weight quickly. Although Bariatric surgery is largely recommended for people with extreme obesity, especially those with BMI above 40, many continue to look to the procedure, becoming a trend even for those whose BMIs are manageable through exercise and proper dieting.

The risk factors involved with bariatric surgery have been a cause for alarm for obesity patients, and other individuals (especially women) looking to undertake the procedure. Medical practitioners continue to drum support for the use of other alternative weight loss practices, such as dieting and exercises. Most doctors have and continue to recommend the alternative measures given the risk factors for both the patients and the doctors with regard to bariatric surgery. According to Biotech Business Week, patients’ claims following the procedure are bound to increase with the increase in bariatric surgeries (311).

It is however noteworthy to state that, doctors performing these procedures may remain safe if they follow available guidelines, which go a long way in helping, reduce risk of claim. The risks involved in the surgery mean that patients may experience life-threatening complications such as blood clocks and internal bleeding (Biotech Business Week 311). However, with appropriate and cordial physician-patient relationship, the risk of claim to the physicians is highly reduced, making the procedure, although riddled with complications, a much better option for patients with life-threatening obesity.

The complications experienced after undergoing the procedure make it riskier, and therefore the need for patients to steer away from the procedure. According to Winslow, the after-effects of bariatric surgery, such as trauma, blood clot, and internal bleeding should be enough to scare patients and other individuals from undertaking the procedure. However, most people see the procedure as an easy way to weight loss, with some ignorant of the risk factors involved with the procedure (Winslow n.p.). Therefore, while it continues to seem as the most viable option, even for people with just above Body Mass Index, abdominal bleeding, blood infection, and sometimes death are among the risk factors involved with obesity surgery (Winslow n.p.).

The effect is even more pronounced on the social life, especially among the young people who want to go out with their friends. It is required that after the surgery patients stick to a strict diet to curb weight gain. Such restriction leaves patients vulnerable to emotional breakdown caused by anger and frustration over their inability to enjoy their food freely and times with friends. The restrictions on food and diet therefore permanently alter what the patient can and cannot eat. This can be a major cause of frustration especially for a free spirited young person.

Proponents of the procedure, however, continue to argue for the procedure stating its effectiveness and its reduced risk of complication. According to the National Institute of Health, there are reduced short-term complications and low death rates after the surgery. Additionally, the Institute has stated benefits, such as improved blood sugar control for diabetic individuals undergoing the procedure (National Institute of Health n.p.). However, even with such claims of low death rates, less complications and improved blood sugar absorption, the Institute still warns of the risk factors associated with the procedure, including death.

However, the reduced complications and lower death rates are only short-term safety benefits of the procedure. Longitudinal studies of the procedure paint a grim picture on the results of the surgery. After the procedure, it is possible that loose skin will be left on the body, which is again corrected by means of a surgery. The loose skin can be a source of ridicule from others and even change the perception of partners on the individuals who have undergone the procedure. Such processes are also not only expensive, but also increase the risk of additional complications from the surgery (Winslow n.p). Even more is the fact such an individual will continually be on medication as well as undergo corrective surgery regularly for the rest of his/her life.

Recently, however, there has been an introduction of new procedures that borrow from bariatric surgery.  While these procedures do not involve incision and are claimed to be less risky and temporary, they have similar risk factors as bariatric surgery. These continue to pick up as a trend among people who do not realize that the procedure works differently from one person to another. Thus, while it may be successful on one person, it may have adverse effects on the other including emotional distress and even rejection from friends and family because of the new look.

Obesity continues to eat into current societies across the world. This is largely due to the sedentary lives that most people live, given the changing economy from an industrial to knowledge based. With this however comes the risk of weight gain and ultimately obesity.  Mitigating measures for this condition include proper diet and regular exercise. However, only under life-threatening and extreme cases of obesity should one look to obesity surgery as a mitigating measure, given the risk factors involved with undertaking the procedure.














Works Cited

Berreby, David. “The obesity era.” Daily Weekly, 2013. Print

Biotech Business Week. “Obesity Surgery; Bariatric surgery malpractice risks and risk management guide examined.” Biotech Business Week, 2005. Proquest

National Institute of Health. NIH Study Finds Low Short-Term Risks After Bariatric Surgery for Extreme Obesity. US Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. Proquest

Winslow, Ron. “Losing Prospects: New Procedures hope to treat obesity without risk of bariatric surgery.” Wall Street Journal, 2013. Proquest




Berreby, David. “The obesity era.” Daily Weekly, 2013

The article contrasts life in the 60’s and the current life where cases of obesity and related illnesses are rampant across the world, even among poor nations. Additionally, the article states some of the measures and campaigns undertaken by various governments to check the weight of citizens.

Biotech Business Week. “Obesity Surgery; Bariatric surgery malpractice risks and risk management guide examined.” Biotech Business Week, 2005. Proquest

This article gives an overview of the risk factors for both the patient and the physician performing a bariatric procedure that includes internal bleeding among other complications. It also states of good physician-patient relationship as part of the solution to the risks physicians face. It gives a balanced view of both the benefits and risks of the procedure.

The article was helpful in giving the risk factors that the surgery poses which include litigation, from the patient to the doctor and other medical complications such as blood clots and internal bleeding. Additionally, the article was helpful in giving solutions to the physician risk factors, specifically the cordial relationship between patient and physician.

National Institute of Health. NIH Study Finds Low Short-Term Risks After Bariatric Surgery for Extreme Obesity. US Department of Health and Human Services, 2009. Proquest

This article relays information from a study on the complications after bariatric surgery. It also informs on some of the types of bariatric surgeries and their benefits as well as the risk factors.

The article was helpful in giving information on the benefits of bariatric surgery that include improved sugar absorption and weight loss. From the article it was also apparent that the procedure posed risks, although information on the risks indicated minimal risk from the procedure.

Winslow, Ron. “Losing Prospects: New Procedures hope to treat obesity without risk of bariatric surgery.” Wall Street Journal, 2013. Proquest

This article informs of new procedures that, although borrowing from bariatric surgeries, do not involve incision. The article states some of the procedures, their benefits and the risk factors involved in undertaking them.

From the article information on other alternative procedures was obtained. These, the article helped clarify as less dangerous and temporary than the more permanent bariatric surgery that involved incision.

Reverse outline

  1. Obesity is fast becoming a concern although bariatric surgeries are fast becoming a trend
  2. Bariatric is risky for both patient and physician
  3. The procedure is the last option for individual with life-threatening obesity due to the risks involved
  4. Most people see it as an easy way out for weight loss although risk factors include blood clot, internal bleeding and possibly death
  5. The process is expensive and alters the social and medical life of the patient
  6. New procedures are becoming a trend although people do not realize that surgery is different from one person to another.
  7. Obesity is increasing and it is therefore imperative that mitigating measures are put into consideration.



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