investigative stage

investigative stage

Investigative, Interrogation, And Testimonial Processes During The Process Of Law. Write a 2000 word paper answering;
Need help with my writing homework on Investigative, Interrogation, And Testimonial Processes During The Process Of Law. Write a 2000 word paper answering; The fact is that the law often supports police detection, although police action is limited without an arrest or search warrant. The police conduct detection within a contradictory moral order wherein certain fidelities fuse with certain betrayals (Skotnick).

The detection process has three stages and deception can and does occur in any or all of these (Skotnick, 1985). These are investigation, interrogation, and testimony. Within the policeman’s broad moral cognition, the acceptability of deception depends on the level of the criminal process: It is most acceptable to the police and the courts at the investigation stage, less during interrogation and least at the testimonial stage in the courtroom. Increasingly stringent normative constraints account for the differences among the levels and stages. Courtroom testimony is given under oath, whereby witnesses sweat to tell only the truth and nothing but the truth. It is the norm to accept that a witness is telling the truth in court. Courtroom lying violates the basic justice system, which all the parties are assumed to uphold. A policeman who lies in the courtroom can work his way out of his predicament by insisting that judicial interpretations of his limitations can get on the way of his ability to perform his job. This appears to be true within the context of the forces, which operate within the investigative stage of an adversary system, wherein the end justifies the means. The policeman seems to have the “privilege” of lying to get to the truth in achieving justice through due process (Skotnick).

It may be quaint and a contradiction of values and norms but it is also factual that police freely admit to deceiving suspects and defendants to catch them, yet lying policemen and detectives do not admit to committing perjury (Skotnick, 1985). Perjury is as systematic as police work and police know among themselves that they perjure as a norm rather than as an individual error. A study, conducted by Columbia law students on the effect of Mapp v. Ohio on police practices in New York City, on certain search and seizure cases showed that uniformed police fabricated grounds for an arrest in narcotics cases in meeting the requirements of Mapp. This does not justify but only explains how police who falsely witness justify the practice for the sake of greater persuasiveness. They resort to lying as the routine of shaking themselves out of a predicament or helping one another out of it and because of a skeptical attitude towards a system, which is disinclined towards the truth that would be favorable to the criminal. The law allows a policeman to lie during the investigative stage but forbids it during the testimonial stage in the courtroom where and when he is certain of the guilt of the suspect, unlike during the investigative stage. The lying policeman puts more value on a short-term objective of suppressing evidence than on the long-term principle of due process in protecting the dignity of the accused. The policeman’s pursuit is to legitimize the evidence he presents rather than weigh and analyze its sufficiency.

The post investigative stage appeared first on best homeworkhelp.

 

“Looking for a Similar Assignment? Get Expert Help at an Amazing Discount!”
Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic Guarantees
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Free unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free papers
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Progressive delivery
  • Plagiarism report
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double or single line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

Writing quality papers is a TOP priority. One expert takes one order at a time.
The service package includes topic brainstorm, research, drafting, proofreading, plagiarism check, citation formatting, and revisions.

Money-back guarantee

We appreciate how valuable your time is. Hence, we make sure all custom papers are 100% original and delivered within the agreed time frame

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

Each paper is written from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.

Read more

Free-revision policy

We see it as our duty to follow all instruction the client provides. If you feel the completed paper does not meet your exact requirements, we will revise the paper if you let us know about the problem within 14 business days from the date of delivery.

Read more

Privacy policy

Your email is safe, we use your personal data for legal purposes only and in accordance with personal data protection law. Your payment details are also secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

You can easily contact us with any question or issues you need to be addressed. Also, you have the opportunity to communicate directly with assigned writer, e-mail us, submit revision requests, chat with us online, or call our toll-free on our site. We are always available to our customers.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
-->