1. Brian believes that he intensely dislikes Alicia because his true feelings of love of her are unacceptable to him. Brian is using a defense mechanism called: a. sublimation c. reaction formation b. projection d. fixation
_____ 2. Divine is partying too much to get his studying done. She tells herself that she needs a lot of relaxation in order to handle the pressure of school. Divine is using ______________as defense mechanism. a. sublimation c. projection b. reaction formation d. rationalization
_____ 3. Rob is a sculptor who loves to take a piece of stone and carefully chisel it into a smooth, curving form. Rob is using ______________ as defense mechanism. a. sublimation c. projection b. reaction formation d. rationalization
_____ 4. Freud saw personality as emerging from the interaction of children’s wish-fulfillment behaviors and the reactions those behaviors bring from parents and other people. He described the development of personality in terms of a series of ______________. a. psychosexual stages c. defense mechanisms b. levels of personality d. provinces of the mind
_____ 5. Freud believed that people are essentially ______________, being held together in society only because of their needs. a. social c. asocial b. typical d. atypical
_____ 6. As an adult, Mina is clingy and extremely possessive, often wanting everything for herself. At which stage is she fixated? a. Oral c. Phallic b. Anal d. Genital
_____ 7. Freud believed that the best clues to the contents of a person’s unconscious are those elements of thought and behavior: a. that are least logical c. for which the person can offer no explanation b. that are most logical d. that mostly clearly signal a lack of self-esteem
_____ 8. What was the claim of Freud’s abandoned “seduction theory”? a. That seduction was a case of neurotic displacement of sexual desire for one’s mother or father. b. That sexual intercourse was always the result of a man seducing a woman. c. That neurosis was caused by early sexual abuse (“seduction”) by parents or older siblings. d. That dreams were the expression of the desire to seduce one’s father or mother.
_____ 9. During grade school, Nico was encouraged by his parents to join and participate in different academic clubs in his school. Towards high school, he was already representing their school different quiz bees that earned him medals both locally and nationally. According to Erickson’s theory, this is a success in ______________ stage. a. industry vs. inferiority c. initiative vs. guilt b. identity vs. role confusion d. autonomy vs. shame and doubt
_____ 10. One of the main elements of Erikson’s psychosocial stage theory is the development of ______________. a. social interest c. interpersonal relationships b. ego identity d. character strengths
_____ 11. Which of the following not true of Erickson’s life? a. Born in Frankfurt, Germany in 1902 and son of Jewish mother and unknown father. b. As a child, he was well accepted by both Jewish or Gentile community. c. Leaves home at 18 to live as itinerant artist, wandering Europe for 7 years. d. Lacking an academic degree, accepts research position at Harvard Medical School in 1933.
_____ 12. The word personality comes from “persona” which originally meant? a. Theatrical mask c. The animal side of human nature b. Soul d. That which one truly is
_____ 13. A pattern of relatively permanent traits and unique characteristics that give both consistency and individuality to human behavior is called ______________. a. Personality c. A specific trait b. A general trait d. A genetic predisposition
_____ 14. A theory can be defined as ______________. a. An unverified hypothesis b. An educated guess c. A group of philosophical speculations concerning the nature of reality d. A set of related assumptions that generates testable hypothesis
_____ 15. A hypothesis is best defined as ______________. a. A classification system c. An unproved theory b. Armchair speculation d. An educate guess or prediction
_____ 16. The ultimate value of a theory is its ______________. a. Truthfulness c. Simplicity b. Usefulness d. Logic
_____ 17. One of the theories of personality that tends to believe that the answers to the important questions lie somewhere behind the surface, hidden, in the unconscious. a. Behavioristic c. Psychoanalytic b. Humanistic d. Learning
_____ 18. A perspective that answers are felt to lie in careful observation of behavior and environment and their relations. a. Behavioristic c. Psychoanalytic b. Humanistic d. Learning
_____ 19. A perspective that the answers are to be found in consciousness or experience. a. Behavioristic c. Psychoanalytic b. Humanistic d. Learning
_____ 20. The Id serves the ______________ principle. a. Pleasure c. Moralistic b. Reality d. Idealistic
_____ 21. Freud called the mouth, anus and genitals. a. Oedipal striving c. The aim of the sexual instinct b. Erogenous zones d. The aim of the aggressive instict
_____ 22. Who was Jung’s mentor? a. Alfred Adler c. Karen Horney b. Heinz Hartman d. Sigmund Freud
_____ 23. Carl Gustav Jung was born in which European city and country? a. Kesswill, Switzerland c. Leszno, Poland b. Wurzburg, Germany d. Neudorf, Austria
_____ 24. What are Jung’s four functions of the mind? a. Sensing, thinking, feeling, intuiting b. Compounding, processing, feeling, repressing c. Thinking, processing, filtering, expressing d. Sensing processing, filtering, expressing
_____ 25. What are the two major attitudes according to Jung? a. Aggression and passivity c. Introversion and extroversion b. Pessimism and optimism d. Logic and emotion
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